Title: Effects of multi-scale defects on the thermoelectric properties of delafossite CuCr1-xMgxO2 materials

Authours: Dung Van Hoang, Anh Tuan Thanh Pham, Hanh Kieu Thi Ta, Truong Huu Nguyen, Ngoc Kim Pham, Lai Thi Hoa, Vinh Cao Tran, Ohtaki Michitaka, Quang Minh Nhat Tran, Jong-Ho Park, Jae-Ki Lee, Su-Dong Park, Tae-Seong Ju, Hong jun Park, Sung kyun Park, Thang Bach Phan

Journal: Journal of Alloys and Compounds; Available online 25 June 2020, 156119


The thermoelectric performance of CuCr1-xMgxO2 materials in terms of multi-scale defects induced at various Mg dopant concentrations (x = 0–0.3) was thoroughly studied in this paper. At 748 K and for x = 0.05, 0.15, and 0.30, we report the following power factors and thermal conductivities: 175, 213, and 2.3 μW/m K2 and 7.85, 5.60, and 3.82 W/m K, respectively. In the low doping regime (x < 0.15), the thermoelectric performance is mainly dependent on hole carriers originated from point defects via Mg substitution on Cr sites, whereas the thermoelectric properties reduce significantly for x ≥ 0.15 due to nanoscale secondary phases (MgCr2O4, Cu2O and CuO) and mesoscale grain boundaries. At 748 K, our CuCr0.85Mg0.15O2 samples exhibit a high figure of merit ZT = 0.028, which is better than those of other CuCr1-xMgxO2 and related delafossite materials. The correlations between the structural and thermoelectric properties of CuCr1-xMgxO2 materials are also discussed in detail.